The first symposium of the United Nations Security Council (hereafter referred to as UNSC) commenced on Friday, October 30, 2020, discussing the agenda: ‘Restoring Central Government control and curbing non state actors in Mali.’
Mali has been mired in crisis since 2012, when state institutions nearly collapsed in the face of a northern separatist rebellion led by members of the minority ethnic Tuareg community, a military coup, an Islamist insurgent advance, and a regional drought.
The delegate of USA believes that civil conflicts have given rise to terrorism, hence resulting in the migration of 150,000 people to other countries as they don’t feel safe. Also, 1 million people are currently residing below the poverty line and suffering for their livelihood. The delegate of Vietnam emphasised these by telling the committee that they should recognise the National Pact of 1992 and take drastic steps against terrorism but should prioritise their responsibility towards the people of their Mali. On the contrary, the delegate of Dominican Republic highlighted that there is a lack of substantial infrastructure in Northern Mali and suggested the committee to find out the solutions for the mistakes done previously so there is a lower chance of failure.
Overall, the session turned out to be a fruitful, seeing as all the delegates engaged and debated the ongoing issues persisting in Mali, therefore perpetuating the committee’s progress.